Choking is the leading cause of unintentional injury that results in death for children younger than one year of age. It is the fourth cause of death of children one-to-nine years of age, surpassed only by car accidents, drowning and burns. Food, coins, and small toys are the most common items children choke on.
The most common foods associated with fatal choking are:
Foods that are small, smooth, or slick when wet may accidentally slip into the airway. Objects that are round and compressible such as hot dogs and grapes can easily form a plug in the airway. Children who are not sitting while eating are at much higher risk for choking.
Non-food items can also be a choking hazard. Any item that fits through a toilet paper tube is a potential choking hazard. The most common ones are:
How can parents prevent choking?
Lastly, parents and caregivers should have basic CPR and choking resuscitation training in case of emergency. Call your local Red Cross or hospital for classes.
Resource: AAP News April 2011